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Scott, who was known for competing with Amundsen, Norway, was the first to reach the South Pole of humanity, and was taking measures against nutrition, while Scott was not prepared. As a result, Scott was deprived of the crown of the first arrival of the South Pole by Amunsen and others, and exhausted on the way home, and saw the annihilation at a point 18 km to the base. Sometimes it was March 1912. The biggest bad luck was being hit by extreme bad weather once every few years, but the fact that lack of vitamin C robbed them was also a major factor.


Discovery of vitamin C
To fully elucidate the cause of scurvy, vitamin C, which is an active ingredient, is removed from food and its effects are not verified. It was Hangari-born biochemical Albert Sen-Gergi (St. Giergi Alberto) who did it. Its academic achievements are also great, but anti-Nazi activities, Hangari-preferred but exiled to the United States, where they also campaigned against the Vietnam War, married four times in their lifetime (of which two were 50 age under) He was also a person who lived a life of excitement.

At the beginning of the 20th century, it was discovered that humans could not be used only by major nutrients such as sugars and proteins, and that some trace compounds could not survive. The main theme of biochemistry in the first half of the 20th century was to search for these trace compounds, ie vitamins.

Vitamin A was isolated from the butter and vitamin B1 from rice bran. The naming of vitamins is not consistent and confusing from a modern point of view, but this is also a trace of the struggles of scientists at the time.

Entering the 1930s, the world's biochemists are focused on causative agents of scurvy. The new vitamin to be shaken by the third alphabet was the holy grail of science in this era.

Around this time, St. Georges removes reducing substances from the adrenal glands of cattle. He named the substance “ignose”, meaning “unknown sugar”, but the editor of the journal dismissed it as “too joke”. Since then, the name proposed by St. George is "god knows", so his character can be praised. However, this should not have passed, and the name of the new substance has settled down to “hexuronic acid” in response to the editor's opinion.

Saint-Gergi thought this might be the causative agent of scurvy that has long been sought. And he demonstrates that giving animals about 1 milligram of hexuronic acid a day can prevent scurvy. This achievement was published in 1932 in the world's most prestigious academic journal “Nature”.

But just two weeks ago, an American king, a rival researcher, reported the same result to science. Academic discoveries are the winner of those who announce as soon as possible, and the winner takes all honors. However, it is said that there was a person who diverted St. George's result to King, and that King rushed to write a paper. St. George's collaborator and ex-King's former disciple Swaveri has a strong conviction.

It was the Nobel Prize committee that made the decision in the complicated battle for preemption. 1937. Sen 1 = Jerzy wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his achievements in “Vitamin C Discovery”. However, there are also voices that the Nobel Prize committee at that time patronized the Europeans, and in the United States, there are still many people who find King C as vitamin C. It is similar to many Japanese people who mention Umetaro Suzuki as a discoverer of vitamin B1.

In 1933, Haas of England clarified the structure of vitamin C and changed the name of hexuronic acid to “ascorbic acid” meaning “to resist scurvy”. He also succeeded in synthesizing vitamin C from cheap glucose. For these achievements, Haas was honored with the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1937, just like St. Georges.

As the identity of vitamin C became clear and mass production became possible, the road to popularization was opened. In addition, vitamin C has been found not to prevent scurvy. Vitamin C is prone to oxidation and reacts with harmful active oxygen in the body to eliminate it. It also has the function of protecting food from oxidation by oxygen in the air. For this reason, vitamin C is greatly appreciated as a health food, supplement, and additive. It was a great scientist who was deeply obsessed with vitamin C that contributed greatly to this boom that continues to this day.

Names such as Newton, Einstein, Hawking will not be familiar to ordinary people who have no connection with science. However, in the genre of chemistry, there are unfortunately few people who can be called great geniuses. However, it is not without human resources. For example, Ameri ’s Linus Bowling is slightly less well-known to the public, but its achievements are never defeated by the great genius.

He answered the most fundamental question of chemistry about why atoms join together and was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this achievement. On the other hand, he led a world scientist to embark on a bomb ban and won the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize. The only person who won the Nobel Prize twice in his lifetime was the one who was later. In the DNA structure determination competition, Watson and Crick were successful for political reasons, but without this, it is highly likely that the Novel Physiology / Medical Award was his. The achievements spanning quantum mechanics, chemistry, and biology are shining brilliantly in the history of science lined with geniuses like the beautiful stars.

The best chemist of the 20th century, recognized by everyone, somehow began to get into vitamin C around 65 age. The trigger was a letter from a biochemist who spoke to him. The letter says that if you continue to take a lot of vitamin C every day, you can live for another 50 years. Boring becomes a believer in Vitamin C. His brains and enthusiasm, which elucidated the complex molecular structure more precisely than anyone else and fought even against the US government, were turned to the development and promotion of strange health methods.

Boring had never studied nutrients before, but claimed that if he continued to drink large amounts of vitamin C, he would not catch a cold, get flu, and never get cancer C. Vitamin C requirements are usually around loo milligrams a day, but he recommended taking 6 to 18 grams, and continued to take large doses.

Vitamin C has become the savior of all illnesses, from various viral illnesses to psychosis, and his public awareness book has become a bestseller. Opinions that deny the efficacy of vitamin C are a conspiracy of pharmaceutical companies to sell higher drugs and are attacking it violently.

However, the results of many clinical trials conducted by other researchers since then completely betrayed his theory. Polling threatened the editorial department of academic journals as to why this kind of result was published, but the experimental results did not change. In this way, Polling gradually destroyed the trust and honor he had built in the first half of his life with his own hands.

In the end, despite the claim that vitamin C can prevent cancer, Boring died of his wife Eva from stomach cancer, and he also ended his life with prostate cancer. However, he was so energetic that he continued to publish his paper until just before his death at the age of 93, so at least a large intake of vitamin C would not have been bad for the body.

It's hard to imagine why a giant like bowling was immersed in such a strange theory. Isaac Newton also spent his last 25 years of research in alchemy, working in alchemy in his later years. A genius or the like may be a difficult creature that has extraordinary power and energy, and everything collapses with a slight misdirection.

Pauling's Vitamin C Universal Theory is still largely unacceptable to the serious medical scientist. After all, vitamin C is highly soluble in water, so if you take it more than you need it, it will only flow out of your body, and you won't be able to see any significant effects. However, from health food manufacturers, bowling is still treated as a god, and the advertisement is brilliantly jumping with the words “Nobel Prize 2 Health Theory!”.

In fact, there are quite a few examples of people who have achieved great results in one field and get stuck in strange logic in other fields. Brian-Josephson, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics at the age of 33, has since devoted himself to the study of psychic phenomena, and Luc Montagne (2008 Nobel Physiology. Medical Prize) The r-theory that DNA is teleported by a magnetic field was announced, and the scientists of the world were bought. It should be kept in mind that you should not appreciate the word unconditionally just because you are a Nobel Prize scientist or a professor or doctor.

But on the other hand, new physiological actions of vitamin C have been discovered one after another, and the result is a top-notch academic. After all, we still don't know the full picture of vitamin C, and haven't fully evaluated its effects, even after more than 50 years since the beginning of the Grand Voyage Era.

It's confusing because it's extremely harmless and a small compound of only 20 atoms. Vitamin C is a very good example of how difficult it is to evaluate medicine.


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