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What is a cold?(2)

A woman with a high fever and headache due to a cold and a thermometer

We recommend that you take care of yourself if you have mild symptoms (sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, cough, sputum, sore throat, fever) or if you have a cold.

If the symptoms are strong or the condition is getting worse, influenza or bacterial infection is suspected.

In such cases, we recommend that you visit a medical institution.

It is important to consider the symptoms and severity of the cold as to whether or not you should deal with it yourself.

We will look at the symptoms to determine if you can handle it yourself and if you should go to the hospital.

What is a cold?:Fever

If you have a high temperature of 39 degrees or higher, we recommend you to see a doctor.

If you have other symptoms between 38 and 39 degrees, we recommend you to see a doctor.

What is a cold?:Nasal symptoms

Look at the color of the runny nose.

If the runny nose is transparent, you can handle it yourself.

If it is cloudy in yellow or green, we recommend that you visit a medical institution.

What is a cold?:Sore throat

If you have mild inflammation, you can handle it yourself.

If you have a strong inflammation that prevents you from swallowing drinks or saliva, we recommend that you visit a medical institution.

What is a cold?:cough

If it is light, you can handle it yourself.

If you cannot sleep, we recommend that you visit a medical institution.

In addition, even a mild cold may become severe in people with chronic respiratory diseases such as COPD and bronchial asthma, people with underlying diseases such as heart disease and diabetes, elderly people aged 65 and over, and pregnant women. Therefore, it is recommended that you visit a medical institution as soon as possible.

In addition, for infants under 2 years old, we will give priority to seeing a doctor and will handle it by ourselves only when it is unavoidable.

In addition, when the symptoms worsen in a bimodal manner, for example, "At first, there was a cough, a runny nose, and a slight fever of about 37 degrees, and all of them tended to improve in about 3 days, but after a few days, So, if your runny nose gets worse and your fever is 38 degrees, you should go to a medical institution because you suspect a secondary bacterial infection.

Fever symptoms

Fever is evidence that the immune system is fighting the virus in the body.

If you try to forcibly lower your body temperature during fever, it may suppress the activation of immunity and have the opposite effect.

When you have a fever, it is important to carefully observe how the heat is generated and deal with it properly according to the situation such as the precursory period, rising period, peak period, and falling period.

First of all, when the fever, which is the precursory period, is about to rise, the body tries to raise the body temperature, causing chills, chills in the limbs, and trembling.

In this case, warm your body well by putting a lot of futon on it, raising the room temperature, and wearing clothes made of highly heat-retaining material so as not to let your body heat escape.

At this time, if you cool your body or use antipyretics, the chills will continue.

From the rising phase to the peak phase, fever activates the immune system.

Vitamin C is consumed when immunity is activated, so hot drinks such as lemonade and hot lemon, which are high in vitamin C, are also good.

The peak period is when the immune system and the virus are fighting.

Rest is required to prevent exhaustion.

Immune function is enhanced by sleep.

When the heat rises, the limbs are strong, and the face turns red, lightly wear it to cool it or use an ice pack to cool the base of the neck, under the armpits, and the base of the feet to lower the temperature.

The cooling sheet that is attached to the body has a cool feeling, but it only cools the surface of the body and cannot be expected to have the effect of lowering the body temperature itself.

During the descent period, you will sweat a lot, so it is important to wipe off the sweat with a towel and change your clothes frequently.

If you wear sweat-wet clothing for a long time, your body will cool down even after your body temperature has dropped to normal, and new viruses and bacteria can easily invade you, so be careful.

Also, since a large amount of sweat deprives the body of water, replenish the water frequently.

After the fever has disappeared, rest as much as possible and eat a digestive diet.

Avoid sports and drinking.

Cold control and prevention

Be careful when you have a cold

In order to recover quickly, it is important to get enough sleep, rest, and rest well.

In addition, nutrition is essential to increase resistance.

In particular, many vitamins (vitamin A, B vitamins, vitamin C, etc.) are deeply involved in immunity, and iron and zinc deficiencies are also known to make people more susceptible to colds.

When you have a cold, you often have a loss of appetite, so try to eat a balanced and digestive diet.

When you have a fever, you sweat a lot and your body is more likely to run out of water.

To prevent dehydration, you need to be well hydrated with sports drinks and ion drinks.

Viruses prefer low temperatures and low humidity.

Therefore, keep the room warm and keep the body cool, and keep the room at an appropriate humidity to prevent the mucous membranes of the throat from drying out.

And avoid tobacco as it exacerbates colds.

Energy drinks may be taken for the purpose of recovering physical strength and enhancing the natural healing power for colds.

If you want to warm your body, use a drink containing herbal medicines that warm your body (such as taurine, licorice, and licorice). If you are exhausted due to high heat, use vitamin B or vitamin C. , Taurine, etc. should be recommended as a drink.

However, many cold remedies contain caffeine, and if you use a caffeine-containing energy drink together, the amount of caffeine may become excessive.

In addition, some energy drinks contain alcohol and herbal ingredients.

It is necessary to pay attention to the interaction and duplication of ingredients with the ingredients contained in cold remedies.

In such cases, you should stop taking energy drinks or choose energy drinks that do not contain them.

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