Let's take a look at zinc.
As a component of hundreds of enzymes, zinc is involved in various reactions in the body.
It is also necessary for the cellularity of proteins from amino acids and the synthesis of DNA, so it plays a very important role in the development and life maintenance of fetuses and infants, as well as bone growth, liver, kidneys, insulin production, pancreas, sperm. It is an essential mineral in tissues and organs where new cells are created, such as the testicles that make up.
It is also a component of enzymes that promote wound healing and remove active oxygen that damages cells in the body, and is also involved in taste bud cells that sense taste and immune responses.
Zinc present in food is affected by the amount of iron and copper ingested at the same time, but about 30% is absorbed in the small intestine and transported to the liver. About 2000 milligrams of zinc exists in the body, of which about 60% is in muscles, about 30% is in bones, and the remaining 10% is in the liver, pancreas, kidneys, brain, skin, prostate, etc. I am
Next, let's take a look at the role of zinc.
Zinc-containing enzymes activate chemical reactions in the body.
Its functions include promotion of cell regeneration such as DNA synthesis and protein synthesis, regulation of immune response, and regulation of hormone synthesis and secretion.
Taste buds, which are the cells that sense taste, have a very active metabolism and are rich in zinc. is thought to lead to
Without zinc, these enzymes would be less active, and vital reactions would be sluggish and unable to produce what the body needs.
Zinc deficiency is said to be caused not only by inadequate intake, but also by concomitant use of drugs that form complexes with zinc.
Zinc deficiency is said to prolong the turnover of taste cells, resulting in decreased function, resulting in taste disorders and anorexia.
In addition, it is said that gastrointestinal disorders due to a decrease in metabolism, skin disorders, a decrease in immune function, and sexual dysfunction due to a decrease in hormone synthesis and donki.
Zinc is also a component of insulin, one of the hormones.
The recommended daily intake of zinc is 9 to 10 mg for adult men and 7 to 8 mg for adult women.
Pregnant women should take 2 mg more than the recommended amount for adult women, and breastfeeding women should take 3 mg more. The upper limit is 40 to 45 mg for adult men and 35 mg for adult women.
Regarding zinc intake, males consume 7.7 to 8.8 milligrams and females consume 6.6 to 7.4 milligrams.
The upper limit of zinc content recognized as a food with nutrient function claims is 15 milligrams, and the limit is 2.64 milligrams.
For example, people who drink a lot of alcohol and people who eat a lot of processed foods are good examples of zinc supplementation.
Zinc-rich foods include animal foods such as persimmons, parmesan cheese, pork (liver), and beef, and food foods such as cocoa, green tea, roasted sesame seeds, kneaded tofu, and almonds.
Zinc is found more in animal foods than in plant foods, and animal protein in animal foods is known to have a positive effect on zinc absorption.
Conversely, a protein-rich diet impairs zinc absorption, and dietary fiber and phytic acid, which are abundant in plant-based foods such as grains and beans, are also known to interfere with zinc absorption. Other metals such as calcium, phosphorus, soil, and cadmium are also said to interfere with zinc absorption.
Finally, we will look at interactions between zinc and pharmaceuticals.
Drugs with descriptions of interactions with zinc preparations in package inserts have been summarized. When used in combination with zinc preparations, raw frozen Nanyang is formed, the absorption of zinc and administered drugs is inhibited, and there is a risk that the effects will continue. there is.
Similarly, drugs that form poorly soluble chelates and may weaken their effects include estracite, metalite, metalcaptase, and levolade.